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Acne affects almost everyone ó more than 90% of all adolescents, nearly 50% of all adult women and 25% of all adults. Crossing gender lines as well as national borders, it's one of the most widespread medical conditions in the world. Yet there's still no cure.

But there is hope. While acne is not curable, it is treatable. We now know more about controlling this condition than ever before. The secret to managing acne is prevention ó stopping this condition before it exhibits visual symptoms. Once you have found an acne treatment that helps you accomplish this, it's important to stick with it. Even after pimples disappear, you may need to continue treatment to keep new blemishes at bay. It's also crucial to begin treatment as soon as the first signs appear; the sooner you address your acne, the less likely you are to experience permanent damage to your skin. Of course, in order to stop acne, we must first find out how it starts.

Acne Causes -

1: Hormones. For the majority of acne sufferers, the trouble begins at puberty, when the body begins to produce hormones called androgens. These hormones cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge, which is a natural part of the body's development. In acne sufferers, however, the sebaceous glands are overstimulated by androgens, sometimes well into adulthood. Androgens are also responsible for acne flare-ups associated with the menstrual cycle and, on occasion, pregnancy.

2: Extra sebum. When the sebaceous gland is stimulated by androgens, it produces extra sebum. In its journey up the follicle toward the surface, the sebum mixes with common skin bacteria and dead skin cells that have been shed from the lining of the follicle. While this process is normal, the presence of extra sebum in the follicle increases the chances of clogging ó and can cause acne.


3: Follicle fallout. Normally, dead cells within the follicle shed gradually and are expelled onto the skinís surface. But in patients with overactive sebaceous glands ó and in nearly everyone during puberty ó these cells are shed more rapidly. Mixed with a surplus of sebum, the dead skin cells form a plug in the follicle, preventing the skin from finishing its natural process of renewal.

4: Bacteria. The bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, (P. acnes for short) is a regular resident of all skin types; itís part of the skinís natural sebum maintenance system. Once a follicle is plugged, however, P. acnes bacteria multiply rapidly, creating the chemical reaction we know as inflammation in the follicle and surrounding skin.
Acne Causes - Culprit #5: Inflammation. When your body encounters unwanted bacteria, it sends an army of white blood cells to attack the intruders. This process is called chemotaxis; or, simply put, the inflammatory response. This is what causes pimples to become red, swollen and painful. The inflammatory response is different for everyone, but studies have shown that it is especially strong in adult women.

Treatment of acne require proper skin care, proper diet and proper skin cleansing regime. In addition that modern therapy with blue light and acne laser provides faster relief as well as prevention of acne.

Blue-light therapy. The FDA approved narrow-band, high-intensity blue-light therapy for treating acne. Now widely advertised, this is probably the best-known light therapy for acne treatment. Blue light works by killing the acne-causing bacteria, P. acnes, and is being used to treat inflammatory acne vulgaris that has not responded to other acne therapies. The blue-light products of today do not contain ultraviolet (UV) light, which was a staple of former light therapy used to treat acne. UV light can damage skin and is no longer used to treat acne.

Patients receive blue-light therapy in increments. Generally, eight sessions are given over a four-week period, and each session lasts about 15 minutes. Side effects tend to be mild and include temporary pigment changes, swelling of the treated areas, and dryness.  In many of the studies performed blue light therapy had been more effective than the traditional treatments.

Pulsed light and heat energy (LHE) therapy. We combine ELOS technology which is combined radiofrequency with IPL at the blue light range. Not only this shrinks sebaceous glands but it rejuvenates the facial skin for long term improvement of the damage done by the acne.

This treatment combines pulses of light and heat, which researchers believe target two causes of acne.
It is known that LHE destroys P. acnes, the acne-causing bacteria. LHE also may decrease sebum (oily substance) production by shrinking the sebaceous glands. A system that combines pulses of green light and heat has been approved by the FDA for treating mild to moderate acne. Hereís what a recent study showed:

By combining the blue light therapy with the Syneron acne laser we can obtain better results for resistant acne.

Patient above obtained eight treatments of blue light therapy over a period of four weeks. It is recommended that patients who receive a good result maintain the once a month treatments for a year and then once in two month treatments for two years.

Above patient obtained twice a week blue light therapy together with acne laser treatment.

This patient was treated with blue light therapy twice a week for four weeks. Significant clearing of his acne noted.

Above patient receeived acne laser treatments as well as blue light therapy.

above patient received skin peels, blue light therapy as well as skin peels and acne laser treatments.

ACNE SCARS  and PIGMENTATION

 

The best treatment would be a combination of IPL and RF to help you grow your skin while minimizing the future acne formation combined with carefully designed resurfacing with CO2 or Erbium Fractionated laser treatments of the damaged area. Skin should be further helped with specially formulated creams to achieve the same results.

 

Most patients require about 4-6 treatments. Better results are obtained with even more treatments given once a month. If faster results are required the treatments can be given once in two weeks. Once a month is better to obtain the optimum results.